League of Nations

   The League of Nations was an international organization created after World War I to preserve the peace. Under the terms of the Covenant (Constitution) of the League of Nations, Great Britain was granted a mandate over Iraq or the former Ottoman vilayets of Mosul, Baghdad, and Basra. Thus, the British became responsible for Mosul or what became Iraqi Kurdistan (northern Iraq).
   In 1926, the Council of the League of Nations settled the dispute over Mosul between Turkey and Great Britain and formally recognized the incorporation of Mosul into Iraq. At the same time, the International Commission of Inquiry established by the League Council required that "the desire of the Kurds that the administrators, magistrates and teachers in their country be drawn from their own ranks, and adopt Kurdish as the official language in all their activities, will be taken into account." Although Iraq did issue a Local Languages Law, these pledges to the Iraqi Kurds were not included in the Anglo-Iraqi Treaty of 1930, which granted Iraq its independence in 1932. Upon independence, Iraq promptly joined the League of Nations and, in effect, became one of the first independent third world states.

Historical Dictionary of the Kurds. .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • League of Nations — (English) Société des Nations (French) Sociedad de Naciones (Spanish) International organization …   Wikipedia

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  • League of Nations — n. an association of nations (1920 46), established to promote international cooperation and peace: it was succeeded by the United Nations …   English World dictionary

  • League of Nations —   [liːg ɔf neɪʃnz, englisch], der Völkerbund …   Universal-Lexikon

  • League of Nations — Co Offizielles Logo des Völkerbundes …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • League of Nations — noun an international organization formed in 1920 to promote cooperation and peace among nations; although suggested by Woodrow Wilson, the United States never joined and it remained powerless; it was dissolved in 1946 after the United Nations… …   Useful english dictionary

  • League of Nations — noun An international organization founded as a result of the Treaty of Versailles, which ended the First World War. Its goals included disarmament, preventing war through collective security, settling disputes between countries through… …   Wiktionary

  • League of Nations — international organization established after World War l to create world peace and cooperation, forerunner of the United Nations (1920 1938) …   English contemporary dictionary

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